as background material for Ministers’ discussion at the Spring
2003 Development Committee meeting on a framework for monitoring
policies and actions for achieving the MDGs and related outcomes.
It describes the conceptual framework underlying the proposed
monitoring framework and reviews a range of policy indicators and
supporting data to develop an assessment of the current status of
policies (World Bank, IMF, 2003).
paper reviews global progress towards the MDGs during the 1990s.
The picture that emerges shows uneven patters across regions and
countries and between different socio-economic groups within the
same country (UNDP, 2002).
Offers a visual
and graphical overview of global progress toward the MDGs. The
document is organized by goals and includes selected country and
regional information (United Nations, OECD, IMF, World Bank,
The papers from the
conference address ways for development agencies, including the
Multilateral Development Banks, to develop results-focused corporate cultures and
The papers discuss the
challenges of managing for development results at the country
level and the ways in which countries and development agencies are
addressing these issues on the ground.
Reviews the progress
of low-income countries in implementing the Comprehensive
Development Framework principals. Countries making good progress
generally perform better and are more likely to achieve the MDGs
by 2015 (World Bank, 2003).
Drawing attention to
priorities for action and related accountabilities, the report
provides an integrated assessment of the policies and actions
needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (World Bank,
Estimates how much
additional aid would be required for countries to be able to
attain the MDGs. If countries improve their policies and
institutions, the additional foreign aid necessary by 2015 is
between $40-$60 billion a year (World Bank, 2002).
Devoted to assessing
where the greatest problems are in achieving the MDGs. It analyzes
what needs to be done to reverse the setbacks and offers concrete
proposals on how to accelerate progress towards the goals. It also
explains the Millennium Development Compact, which provides a
broad framework for how national development strategies and
international support can be better aligned to help countries
achieve the MDGs (UN, 2003).
Prepared for the Millennium Summit.
The Secretary-General discusses six shared values, reflecting the
spirit of the Charter, which are particularly relevant to the new
century: Freedom; Equity and Solidarity; Tolerance; Non-Violence;
Respect for Nature; and Shared Responsibility (UN, 2000).
the goals and potential strategies for action to meet the
commitments made in the Millennium Declaration (UN, 2001).
Regional Conference on Poverty Reduction Strategies
papers of the conference review and exchange experiences on the
development of poverty reduction strategies in East Asian
countries; identify obstacles and challenges in designing and
implementing strategies; and derive lessons for next steps and for
replication in other developing countries (ADB, IMF, UNDP, and
World Bank, 2003).
Adopted by the
General Assembly of the United Nations. 189 countries signed this
monumental document and by doing so affirmed their commitment to
achieving the eight goals that now make up the MDGs (UN, 2000).
Focuses on basic
services, particularly health, education, water, and sanitation,
seeking ways of making them work for poor people (World Bank,
Addresses measurement issues
related to poverty and questions whether $1 per day is a valid
poverty norm. It also explores the relationship between growth and
poverty (UNDP, 2002).
progress in reducing consumption poverty in developing and
transition economies and finds that there was a net decrease
during the period 1987-98 (World Bank, 2001).
the health challenges poor people face and suggests strategies to
achieve the MDGs. The report focuses on communicable
diseases and maternal and perinatal health (WHO,
multidimensional health issues related to the MDGs and strategies
to move closer to achieving the goals (World Bank, 2004).
progress against the six goals and targets established at the
World Education Forum (Dakar, 2000). It also highlights effective
policies and strategies and alerts the global community to
emerging challenges for action and cooperation. Drawing upon the
latest available data, it sets out a framework for reform (UNESCO,
on gender issues and their broad economic and social
implications in developing countries. The report examines the
conceptual and empirical links between gender, public policy,
and development outcomes and demonstrates the value of applying
a gender perspective to the design of development policies. The
evidence presented shows that societies that discriminate by
gender pay a high price in terms of their ability to develop and
to reduce poverty (World Bank, 2001).
Global Partnership for
Assesses how the World Bank’s
country, sector, and global programs are helping clients work
toward the MDGs and related targets. The findings of the report
indicate that the Bank’s work is consistent with the MDG themes
(World Bank, 2002).
Reviews progress on the eighth goal
regarding the global partnership for development. It specifically
addresses aid, trade, and debt relief (UNDP, 2002).
Prepared for the United Nations
International Conference on Financing for Development. It analyzes
the changing roles and effectiveness of development assistance
during the past 50 years. The authors describe how the goals and
forms of development assistance have changed over time and
conclude that because of these changes and improvements in the
policies, institutions, and governance of developing countries,
aid is more effective at reducing poverty today than ever before
(World Bank, 2002).