Poverty Indicators

World
East Asia and Pacific
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa

World
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
High income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
East Asia & Pacific .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.8
Europe & Central Asia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Latin America & Caribbean .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.5
Middle East & North Africa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Asia .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.8
Sub-Saharan Africa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. .. .. 49.3
Albania .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1
Algeria 1995 <2 1995 <0.5 1995 7.0 ..
American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Angola .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.6
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Armenia 1996 7.8 1996 1.7 1996 5.5 3.3
Aruba .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Australia .. .. .. .. 1994 5.9 0.0
Austria .. .. .. .. 1987 10.4 ..
Azerbaijan 1995 <2 1995 <0.5 1995 6.9 10.1
Bahamas, The .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bahrain .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bangladesh 1996 29.1 1996 5.9 1995-96 8.7 56.3
Barbados .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Belarus 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 11.4 ..
Belgium .. .. .. .. 1992 9.5 ..
Belize .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Benin .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.2
Bermuda .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bhutan .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.7
Bolivia 1997 29.4 1997 15.2 1997 1.9 7.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Botswana 1985-86 33.3 1985-86 12.5 .. .. 17.2
Brazil 1997 9.0 1997 2.1 1997 2.6 5.7
Brunei .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bulgaria 1997 <2 1997 <0.5 1997 10.1 ..
Burkina Faso 1994 61.2 1994 25.5 1994 5.5 ..
Burundi .. .. .. .. 1992 7.9 ..
Cambodia .. .. .. .. 1997 6.9 47.4
Cameroon .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.2
Canada .. .. .. .. 1994 7.5 ..
Cape Verde .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Cayman Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Central African Republic 1993 66.6 1993 38.1 1993 2.0 ..
Chad .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.8
Channel Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Chile 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 3.4 0.8
China 1998 18.5 1998 4.2 1998 5.9 9.0
Hong Kong, China .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Macao, China .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Colombia 1996 11.0 1996 3.2 1996 3.0 ..
Comoros .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Congo, Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Costa Rica 1997 6.9 1997 2.0 1997 4.5 5.1
Cte d'Ivoire 1995 12.3 1995 2.4 1995 7.1 ..
Croatia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 8.8 0.6
Cuba .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Czech Republic 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 10.3 1.0
Denmark .. .. .. .. 1992 9.6 ..
Djibouti .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.2
Dominica .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic 1996 3.2 1996 0.7 1998 5.1 5.9
Ecuador 1995 20.2 1995 5.8 1995 5.4 ..
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1995 3.1 1995 0.3 1995 8.7 10.7
El Salvador 1997 26.0 1997 9.7 1997 3.7 11.8
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Eritrea .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Estonia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.0 ..
Ethiopia 1995 31.3 1995 8.0 1995 7.1 ..
Faeroe Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Fiji .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Finland .. .. .. .. 1991 10.0 ..
France .. .. .. .. 1995 7.2 ..
French Polynesia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 1992 53.7 1992 23.3 1992 4.4 26.2
Georgia 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 6.1 3.1
Germany .. .. .. .. 1994 8.2 ..
Ghana 1998 38.8 1998 3.4 1998 5.9 24.9
Greece .. .. .. .. 1993 7.5 ..
Greenland .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Grenada .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guam .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guatemala 1998 10.0 1998 2.2 1998 3.8 24.2
Guinea .. .. .. .. 1994 3.0 ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. .. 1991 2.1 ..
Guyana .. .. .. .. 1993 6.3 ..
Haiti .. .. .. .. .. .. 26.8
Honduras 1996 40.5 1996 17.5 1997 1.6 25.4
Hungary 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 10.0 ..
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
India 1997 44.2 1997 12.0 1997 8.1 45.4
Indonesia 1999 7.7 1999 1.0 1999 9.0 ..
Iran, Islamic Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.9
Iraq .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.9
Ireland .. .. .. .. 1987 6.7 ..
Isle of Man .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Israel .. .. .. .. 1992 6.9 ..
Italy .. .. .. .. 1995 7.6 ..
Jamaica 1996 3.2 1996 0.7 1996 7.0 4.2
Japan .. .. .. .. 1993 10.6 2.5
Jordan 1997 <2 1997 <0.5 1997 7.6 5.1
Kazakhstan 1996 1.5 1996 0.3 1996 6.7 ..
Kenya 1994 26.5 1994 9.0 1994 5.0 22.1
Kiribati .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32.2
Korea, Rep. 1993 <2 1993 <0.5 1993 7.5 ..
Kuwait .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7
Kyrgyz Republic .. .. .. .. 1997 6.3 11.0
Lao PDR 1997 26.3 1997 6.3 1997 7.6 ..
Latvia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.6 ..
Lebanon .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0
Lesotho 1993 43.1 1993 20.3 1986-87 2.8 16.0
Liberia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Libya .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Lithuania 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 7.8 ..
Luxembourg .. .. .. .. 1994 9.5 ..
Macedonia, FYR .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.9
Madagascar 1997 63.4 1997 26.9 1997 5.4 40.0
Malawi .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Malaysia .. .. .. .. 1997 4.4 25.0
Maldives .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.0
Mali 1994 72.8 1994 37.4 1994 4.6 26.9
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mauritania 1995 28.6 1995 9.1 1995 6.4 23.0
Mauritius .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mayotte .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mexico 1996 12.2 1996 3.5 1996 4.0 7.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Moldova 1997 11.3 1997 3.0 1997 5.6 ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mongolia 1995 13.9 1995 3.1 1995 7.3 12.5
Morocco 1990-91 <2 1990-91 <0.5 1998-99 6.5 10.7
Mozambique 1996 37.9 1996 12.0 1996-97 6.5 26.1
Myanmar .. .. .. .. .. .. 28.2
Namibia 1993 34.9 1993 14.0 .. .. ..
Nepal 1995 37.7 1995 9.7 1995-96 7.6 46.9
Netherlands .. .. .. .. 1994 8.0 ..
Netherlands Antilles .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
New Caledonia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
New Zealand .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nicaragua .. .. .. .. 1998 2.3 12.2
Niger 1995 61.4 1995 33.9 1995 2.6 49.6
Nigeria 1997 70.2 1997 34.9 1996-97 4.4 35.3
Northern Mariana Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Norway .. .. .. .. 1995 10.0 ..
Oman .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.3
Pakistan 1996 31.0 1996 6.2 1996-97 9.5 40.2
Palau .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Panama 1997 10.3 1997 3.2 1997 3.6 ..
Papua New Guinea .. .. .. .. 1996 4.5 ..
Paraguay 1998 19.5 1998 9.8 1998 1.9 3.7
Peru 1996 15.5 1996 5.4 1996 4.4 7.8
Philippines .. .. .. .. 1997 5.4 33.5
Poland 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.8 ..
Portugal 1994 <2 1994 <0.5 1994-95 7.3 ..
Puerto Rico .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Qatar .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Romania 1994 2.8 1994 0.8 1994 8.9 5.7
Russian Federation 1998 7.1 1998 1.4 1998 4.4 ..
Rwanda 1983-85 35.7 1983-85 7.7 1983-85 9.7 27.3
Samoa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Saudi Arabia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Senegal 1995 26.3 1995 7.0 1995 3.1 22.3
Seychelles .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0
Sierra Leone 1989 57.0 1989 39.5 1989 1.1 28.7
Singapore .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Slovak Republic 1992 <2 1992 <0.5 1992 11.9 ..
Slovenia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 9.1 ..
Solomon Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Africa 1993 11.5 1993 1.8 1993-94 2.9 ..
Spain .. .. .. .. 1990 7.5 ..
Sri Lanka 1995 6.6 1995 1.0 1995 8.9 ..
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia .. .. .. .. 1995 5.2 ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Suriname .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Swaziland .. .. .. .. 1994 2.7 ..
Sweden .. .. .. .. 1992 9.6 ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. 1992 6.9 ..
Syrian Arab Republic .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tajikistan .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tanzania 1993 19.9 1993 4.8 1993 6.8 30.6
Thailand 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 6.4 ..
Togo .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.1
Tonga .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 1992 12.4 1992 3.5 1992 5.5 ..
Tunisia 1995 2.0 1995 0.5 1995 5.9 ..
Turkey 1994 2.4 1994 0.5 1994 5.8 8.3
Turkmenistan 1993 20.9 1993 5.7 1998 6.1 ..
Uganda .. .. .. .. 1996 7.1 ..
Ukraine 1999 2.9 1999 0.6 1999 8.8 ..
United Arab Emirates .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.0
United Kingdom .. .. .. .. 1991 6.6 ..
United States .. .. .. .. 1997 5.2 ..
Uruguay 1989 1.1 1989 0.5 1989 10.0 ..
Uzbekistan 1993 3.3 1993 0.5 1993 7.4 18.8
Vanuatu .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Venezuela, RB 1997 18.7 1997 6.5 1997 4.1 8.1
Vietnam .. .. .. .. 1998 8.0 36.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. 1998 15.7 1998 4.5 1998 7.4 46.1
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.6
Zambia 1998 63.7 1998 32.7 1998 3.3 23.5
Zimbabwe 1990-91 36.0 1990-91 9.6 1990-91 4.0 ..
East Asia & Pacific
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. ..
East Asia & Pacific .. .. .. .. .. 11.8
American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. ..
Cambodia .. .. .. 1997 6.9 47.4
China 1998 18.5 1998 4.2 1998 5.9 9.0
Fiji .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Indonesia 1999 7.7 1999 1.0 1999 9.0 ..
Kiribati .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32.2
Korea, Rep. 1993 <2 1993 <0.5 1993 7.5 ..
Lao PDR 1997 26.3 1997 6.3 1997 7.6 ..
Malaysia .. .. .. .. 1997 4.4 25.0
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mongolia 1995 13.9 1995 3.1 1995 7.3 12.5
Myanmar .. .. .. .. .. .. 28.2
Palau .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Papua New Guinea .. .. .. .. 1996 4.5 ..
Philippines .. .. .. .. 1997 5.4 33.5
Samoa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Solomon Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Thailand 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 6.4 ..
Tonga .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Vanuatu .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Vietnam .. .. .. .. 1998 8.0 36.7
Europe & Central Asia
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Europe & Central Asia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Albania .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1
Armenia 1996 7.8 1996 1.7 1996 5.5 3.3
Azerbaijan 1995 <2 1995 <0.5 1995 6.9 10.1
Belarus 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 11.4 ..
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bulgaria 1997 <2 1997 <0.5 1997 10.1 ..
Croatia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 8.8 0.6
Czech Republic 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 10.3 1.0
Estonia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.0 ..
Georgia 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 6.1 3.1
Hungary 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 10.0 ..
Isle of Man .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan 1996 1.5 1996 0.3 1996 6.7 ..
Kyrgyz Republic .. .. .. .. 1997 6.3 11.0
Latvia 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.6 ..
Lithuania 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 7.8 ..
Macedonia, FYR .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.9
Moldova 1997 11.3 1997 3.0 1997 5.6 ..
Poland 1998 <2 1998 <0.5 1998 7.8 ..
Romania 1994 2.8 1994 0.8 1994 8.9 5.7
Russian Federation 1998 7.1 1998 1.4 1998 4.4 ..
Slovak Republic 1992 <2 1992 <0.5 1992 11.9 ..
Tajikistan .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Turkey 1994 2.4 1994 0.5 1994 5.8 8.3
Turkmenistan 1993 20.9 1993 5.7 1998 6.1 ..
Ukraine 1999 2.9 1999 0.6 1999 8.8 ..
Uzbekistan 1993 3.3 1993 0.5 1993 7.4 18.8
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mont.) .. .. .. .. .. 1.6
Latin America & Caribbean
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Latin America & Caribbean .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.5
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Barbados .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Belize .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bolivia 1997 29.4 1997 15.2 1997 1.9 7.6
Brazil 1997 9.0 1997 2.1 1997 2.6 5.7
Chile 1996 <2 1996 <0.5 1996 3.4 0.8
Colombia 1996 11.0 1996 3.2 1996 3.0 ..
Costa Rica 1997 6.9 1997 2.0 1997 4.5 5.1
Cuba .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominica .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic 1996 3.2 1996 0.7 1998 5.1 5.9
Ecuador 1995 20.2 1995 5.8 1995 5.4 ..
El Salvador 1997 26.0 1997 9.7 1997 3.7 11.8
Grenada .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guatemala 1998 10.0 1998 2.2 1998 3.8 24.2
Guyana .. .. .. .. 1993 6.3 ..
Haiti .. .. .. .. .. .. 26.8
Honduras 1996 40.5 1996 17.5 1997 1.6 25.4
Jamaica 1996 3.2 1996 0.7 1996 7.0 4.2
Mexico 1996 12.2 1996 3.5 1996 4.0 7.5
Nicaragua .. .. .. .. 1998 2.3 12.2
Panama 1997 10.3 1997 3.2 1997 3.6 ..
Paraguay 1998 19.5 1998 9.8 1998 1.9 3.7
Peru 1996 15.5 1996 5.4 1996 4.4 7.8
Puerto Rico .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia .. .. .. .. 1995 5.2 ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Suriname .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 1992 12.4 1992 3.5 1992 5.5 ..
Uruguay 1989 1.1 1989 0.5 1989 10.0 ..
Venezuela, RB 1997 18.7 1997 6.5 1997 4.1 8.1
Middle East & North Africa
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Middle East & North Africa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Algeria 1995 <2 1995 <0.5 1995 7.0 ..
Bahrain .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Djibouti .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1995 3.1 1995 0.3 1995 8.7 10.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.9
Iraq .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.9
Jordan 1997 <2 1997 <0.5 1997 7.6 5.1
Lebanon .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0
Libya .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Morocco 1990-91 <2 1990-91 <0.5 1998-99 6.5 10.7
Oman .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.3
Saudi Arabia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Syrian Arab Republic .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tunisia 1995 <2 1995 <0.5 1995 5.9 ..
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. 1998 15.7 1998 4.5 1998 7.4 46.1
South Asia
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Asia .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.8
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. .. .. 49.3
Bangladesh 1996 29.1 1996 5.9 1995-96 8.7 56.3
Bhutan .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.7
India 1997 44.2 1997 12.0 1997 8.1 45.4
Maldives .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.0
Nepal 1995 37.7 1995 9.7 1995-96 7.6 46.9
Pakistan 1996 31.0 1996 6.2 1996-97 9.5 40.2
Sri Lanka 1995 6.6 1995 1.0 1995 8.9 ..
Sub-Saharan Africa
Reducing extreme poverty


People living on below $1 a day

Poverty gap at $1 a day

Percentage
share of income
or consumption
held by poorest 20%

Prevalence of child malnutrition

year % year % year % share of children under 5 (%)
1990-99
World .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Sub-Saharan Africa .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Angola .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.6
Benin .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.2
Botswana 1985-86 33.3 1985-86 12.5 .. .. 17.2
Burkina Faso 1994 61.2 1994 25.5 1994 5.5 ..
Burundi .. .. .. .. 1992 7.9 ..
Cameroon .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.2
Cape Verde .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Central African Republic 1993 66.6 1993 38.1 1993 2.0 ..
Chad .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.8
Comoros .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Congo, Rep. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Cte d'Ivoire 1995 12.3 1995 2.4 1995 7.1 ..
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Eritrea .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ethiopia 1995 31.3 1995 8.0 1995 7.1 ..
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 1992 53.7 1992 23.3 1992 4.4 26.2
Ghana 1998 38.8 1998 3.4 1998 5.9 24.9
Guinea .. .. .. .. 1994 3.0 ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. .. 1991 2.1 ..
Kenya 1994 26.5 1994 9.0 1994 5.0 22.1
Lesotho 1993 43.1 1993 20.3 1986-87 2.8 16.0
Liberia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Madagascar 1997 63.4 1997 26.9 1997 5.4 40.0
Malawi .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mali 1994 72.8 1994 37.4 1994 4.6 26.9
Mauritania 1995 28.6 1995 9.1 1995 6.4 23.0
Mauritius .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mayotte .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mozambique 1996 37.9 1996 12.0 1996-97 6.5 26.1
Namibia 1993 34.9 1993 14.0 .. .. ..
Niger 1995 61.4 1995 33.9 1995 2.6 49.6
Nigeria 1997 70.2 1997 34.9 1996-97 4.4 35.3
Rwanda 1983-85 35.7 1983-85 7.7 1983-85 9.7 27.3
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Senegal 1995 26.3 1995 7.0 1995 3.1 22.3
Seychelles .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0
Sierra Leone 1989 57.0 1989 39.5 1989 1.1 28.7
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Africa 1993 11.5 1993 1.8 1993-94 2.9 ..
Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Swaziland .. .. .. .. 1994 2.7 ..
Tanzania 1993 19.9 1993 4.8 1993 6.8 30.6
Togo .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.1
Uganda .. .. .. .. 1996 7.1 ..
Zambia 1998 63.7 1998 32.7 1998 3.3 23.5
Zimbabwe 1990-91 36.0 1990-91 9.6 1990-91 4.0 ..