Infant and Child Mortality Indicators

World
East Asia and Pacific
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa

World
Reducing infant and child mortality
Infant mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate
per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
High income 8 6 9 7
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
East Asia & Pacific 40 35 55 44
Europe & Central Asia 28 21 34 26
Latin America & Caribbean 41 30 49 38
Middle East & North Africa 60 44 71 56
South Asia 87 74 121 99
Sub-Saharan Africa 101 92 155 161
Afghanistan 164 147 257 220
Albania 28 24 42 ..
Algeria 46 34 55 39
American Samoa .. .. .. ..
Andorra .. .. .. ..
Angola 130 127 .. 208
Antigua and Barbuda 21 16 .. 20
Argentina 25 18 28 22
Armenia 19 14 24 18
Aruba .. .. .. ..
Australia 8 5 10 5
Austria 8 4 9 5
Azerbaijan 23 16 .. 21
Bahamas, The 28 18 29 21
Bahrain 23 8 23 12
Bangladesh 91 61 136 89
Barbados 12 14 13 18
Belarus 12 11 16 14
Belgium 8 5 9 6
Belize 34 28 49 37
Benin 104 87 .. 145
Bermuda .. .. .. ..
Bhutan 80 59 .. ..
Bolivia 80 59 120 83
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 13 21 18
Botswana 55 58 62 95
Brazil 48 32 58 40
Brunei 9 9 .. 11
Bulgaria 15 14 19 17
Burkina Faso 111 105 .. 210
Burundi 119 105 180 176
Cambodia 122 100 .. 143
Cameroon 81 77 141 154
Canada 7 5 8 6
Cape Verde 64 39 .. 50
Cayman Islands .. .. .. ..
Central African Republic 102 96 .. 151
Chad 118 101 209 189
Channel Islands 7 6 .. ..
Chile 16 10 20 12
China 33 30 47 37
Hong Kong, China 6 3 .. 5
Macao, China 10 6 .. ..
Colombia 30 23 40 28
Comoros 84 61 120 86
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96 85 155 161
Congo, Rep. 88 89 .. 144
Costa Rica 15 12 16 14
Cte d'Ivoire 95 111 150 180
Croatia 11 8 13 9
Cuba 11 7 13 8
Cyprus 11 7 12 9
Czech Republic 11 5 12 5
Denmark 8 5 9 6
Djibouti 118 109 .. 177
Dominica 18 14 23 18
Dominican Republic 51 39 .. 47
Ecuador 45 28 .. 35
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 47 85 61
El Salvador 46 30 54 36
Equatorial Guinea 121 104 206 170
Eritrea 81 60 68 105
Estonia 12 10 17 12
Ethiopia 124 104 190 180
Faeroe Islands .. .. .. ..
Fiji 25 18 31 22
Finland 6 4 7 5
France 7 5 9 5
French Polynesia 18 10 .. 13
Gabon 96 84 164 133
Gambia, The 109 75 127 110
Georgia 16 15 .. 20
Germany 7 5 9 5
Ghana 66 57 119 109
Greece 10 6 11 7
Greenland .. .. .. ..
Grenada .. 13 37 18
Guam 9 8 .. 10
Guatemala 56 40 33 52
Guinea 121 96 .. 167
Guinea-Bissau 145 127 246 214
Guyana 64 57 90 76
Haiti 85 70 .. 118
Honduras 50 34 65 46
Hungary 15 8 17 10
Iceland 6 3 .. 5
India 80 71 112 90
Indonesia 60 42 83 52
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47 26 59 33
Iraq 102 101 .. 128
Ireland 8 6 9 7
Isle of Man .. .. .. ..
Israel 10 6 12 8
Italy 8 5 10 6
Jamaica 25 20 32 24
Japan 5 4 6 4
Jordan 30 26 34 31
Kazakhstan 26 22 34 28
Kenya 62 76 97 118
Kiribati 65 56 .. 72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 45 58 35 93
Korea, Rep. 12 8 .. 9
Kuwait 14 11 16 13
Kyrgyz Republic 30 26 41 38
Lao PDR 108 93 .. 143
Latvia 14 14 18 18
Lebanon 36 26 40 32
Lesotho 102 92 148 141
Liberia 168 113 .. 188
Libya 33 22 42 28
Liechtenstein .. .. .. ..
Lithuania 10 9 14 12
Luxembourg 7 5 9 5
Macedonia, FYR 32 16 33 17
Madagascar 103 90 170 149
Malawi 135 132 230 227
Malaysia 16 8 21 10
Maldives 60 29 84 35
Mali 136 120 .. 223
Malta 9 5 14 7
Marshall Islands .. .. .. ..
Mauritania 105 88 .. 142
Mauritius 20 19 25 23
Mayotte .. .. .. ..
Mexico 36 29 46 36
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 39 27 .. 33
Moldova 19 17 25 22
Monaco .. .. .. ..
Mongolia 73 58 102 73
Morocco 64 48 83 62
Mozambique 150 131 .. 203
Myanmar 94 77 130 120
Namibia 64 63 84 108
Nepal 101 75 138 109
Netherlands 7 5 8 5
Netherlands Antilles 8 13 .. 16
New Caledonia 13 7 .. 12
New Zealand 8 5 11 6
Nicaragua 51 34 63 43
Niger 150 116 335 252
Nigeria 86 83 136 151
Northern Mariana Islands .. .. .. ..
Norway 7 4 9 4
Oman 22 17 30 24
Pakistan 111 90 138 126
Palau .. .. .. ..
Panama 26 20 .. 25
Papua New Guinea 83 58 .. 77
Paraguay 31 24 37 27
Peru 54 39 75 48
Philippines 37 31 62 41
Poland 19 9 22 10
Portugal 11 6 15 6
Puerto Rico 14 10 .. ..
Qatar 21 16 36 22
Romania 27 20 36 24
Russian Federation 17 16 21 20
Rwanda 132 123 .. 203
Samoa 27 23 .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. ..
So Tom and Principe 61 47 90 66
Saudi Arabia 32 19 45 25
Senegal 74 67 .. 124
Seychelles 17 9 21 15
Sierra Leone 189 168 323 283
Singapore 7 3 8 4
Slovak Republic 12 8 14 10
Slovenia 8 5 10 6
Solomon Islands 29 21 36 26
Somalia 152 121 215 203
South Africa 55 62 73 76
Spain 8 5 9 6
Sri Lanka 19 15 23 19
St. Kitts and Nevis 26 20 .. ..
St. Lucia 19 16 24 19
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21 20 26 19
Sudan 85 67 125 109
Suriname 34 27 38 34
Swaziland 79 64 115 113
Sweden 6 4 6 4
Switzerland 7 5 8 5
Syrian Arab Republic 39 26 50 30
Tajikistan 41 20 .. 34
Tanzania 115 95 .. 152
Thailand 37 28 41 33
Togo 81 77 142 143
Tonga 25 21 27 24
Trinidad and Tobago 18 16 24 20
Tunisia 37 24 52 30
Turkey 58 36 67 45
Turkmenistan 45 33 .. 45
Uganda 104 88 165 162
Ukraine 13 14 .. 17
United Arab Emirates 20 8 .. 9
United Kingdom 8 6 9 6
United States 9 7 .. 8
Uruguay 21 15 24 17
Uzbekistan 35 22 .. 29
Vanuatu 56 36 70 44
Venezuela, RB 25 20 27 23
Vietnam 40 37 54 42
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 20 9 .. 12
West Bank and Gaza .. 23 .. 26
Yemen, Rep. 110 79 130 97
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) 23 12 26 16
Zambia 107 114 .. 187
Zimbabwe 52 70 .. 118
East Asia and the Pacific
Reducing infant and child mortality
Infant mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate
per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
East Asia & Pacific 40 35 55 44
American Samoa .. .. .. ..
Cambodia 122 100 .. 143
China 33 30 47 37
Fiji 25 18 31 22
Indonesia 60 42 83 52
Kiribati 65 56 .. 72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 45 58 35 93
Korea, Rep. 12 8 .. 9
Lao PDR 108 93 .. 143
Malaysia 16 8 21 10
Marshall Islands .. .. .. ..
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 39 27 .. 33
Mongolia 73 58 102 73
Myanmar 94 77 130 120
Palau .. .. .. ..
Papua New Guinea 83 58 .. 77
Philippines 37 31 62 41
Samoa 27 23 .. ..
Solomon Islands 29 21 36 26
Thailand 37 28 41 33
Tonga 25 21 27 24
Vanuatu 56 36 70 44
Vietnam 40 37 54 42

Europe & Central Asia
Reducing infant and child mortality


Infant mortality rate

Under-5 mortality rate

per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
Europe & Central Asia 28 21 34 26
Albania 28 24 42 ..
Armenia 19 14 24 18
Azerbaijan 23 16 .. 21
Belarus 12 11 16 14
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 13 21 18
Bulgaria 15 14 19 17
Croatia 11 8 13 9
Czech Republic 11 5 12 5
Estonia 12 10 17 12
Georgia 16 15 .. 20
Hungary 15 8 17 10
Isle of Man .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan 26 22 34 28
Kyrgyz Republic 30 26 41 38
Latvia 14 14 18 18
Lithuania 10 9 14 12
Macedonia, FYR 32 16 33 17
Moldova 19 17 25 22
Poland 19 9 22 10
Romania 27 20 36 24
Russian Federation 17 16 21 20
Slovak Republic 12 8 14 10
Tajikistan 41 20 .. 34
Turkey 58 36 67 45
Turkmenistan 45 33 .. 45
Ukraine 13 14 .. 17
Uzbekistan 35 22 .. 29
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) 23 12 26 16
Latin America & Caribbean
Reducing infant and child mortality


Infant mortality rate

Under-5 mortality rate

per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
Latin America & Caribbean 41 30 49 38
Antigua and Barbuda 21 16 .. 20
Argentina 25 18 28 22
Barbados 12 14 13 18
Belize 34 28 49 37
Bolivia 80 59 120 83
Brazil 48 32 58 40
Chile 16 10 20 12
Colombia 30 23 40 28
Costa Rica 15 12 16 14
Cuba 11 7 13 8
Dominica 18 14 23 18
Dominican Republic 51 39 .. 47
Ecuador 45 28 .. 35
El Salvador 46 30 54 36
Grenada .. 13 37 18
Guatemala 56 40 33 52
Guyana 64 57 90 76
Haiti 85 70 .. 118
Honduras 50 34 65 46
Jamaica 25 20 32 24
Mexico 36 29 46 36
Nicaragua 51 34 63 43
Panama 26 20 .. 25
Paraguay 31 24 37 27
Peru 54 39 75 48
Puerto Rico 14 10 .. ..
St. Kitts and Nevis 26 20 .. ..
St. Lucia 19 16 24 19
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21 20 26 19
Suriname 34 27 38 34
Trinidad and Tobago 18 16 24 20
Uruguay 21 15 24 17
Venezuela, RB 25 20 27 23
Middle East & North Africa
Reducing infant and child mortality


Infant mortality rate

Under-5 mortality rate

per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
Middle East & North Africa 60 44 71 56
Algeria 46 34 55 39
Bahrain 23 8 23 12
Djibouti 118 109 .. 177
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69 47 85 61
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47 26 59 33
Iraq 102 101 .. 128
Jordan 30 26 34 31
Lebanon 36 26 40 32
Libya 33 22 42 28
Malta 9 5 14 7
Morocco 64 48 83 62
Oman 22 17 30 24
Saudi Arabia 32 19 45 25
Syrian Arab Republic 39 26 50 30
Tunisia 37 24 52 30
West Bank and Gaza .. 23 .. 26
Yemen, Rep. 110 79 130 97
South Asia
Reducing infant and child mortality


Infant mortality rate

Under-5 mortality rate

per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
South Asia 87 74 121 99
Afghanistan 164 147 257 220
Bangladesh 91 61 136 89
Bhutan 80 59 .. ..
India 80 71 112 90
Maldives 60 29 84 35
Nepal 101 75 138 109
Pakistan 111 90 138 126
Sri Lanka 19 15 23 19
Sub-Saharan Africa
Reducing infant and child mortality


Infant mortality rate

Under-5 mortality rate

per 1,000 per 1,000 live births
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 61 54 86 78
Low & middle income 66 59 91 85
Sub-Saharan Africa 101 92 155 161
Angola 130 127 .. 208
Benin 104 87 .. 145
Botswana 55 58 62 95
Burkina Faso 111 105 .. 210
Burundi 119 105 180 176
Cameroon 81 77 141 154
Cape Verde 64 39 .. 50
Central African Republic 102 96 .. 151
Chad 118 101 209 189
Comoros 84 61 120 86
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96 85 155 161
Congo, Rep. 88 89 .. 144
Cte d'Ivoire 95 111 150 180
Equatorial Guinea 121 104 206 170
Eritrea 81 60 68 105
Ethiopia 124 104 190 180
Gabon 96 84 164 133
Gambia, The 109 75 127 110
Ghana 66 57 119 109
Guinea 121 96 .. 167
Guinea-Bissau 145 127 246 214
Kenya 62 76 97 118
Lesotho 102 92 148 141
Liberia 168 113 .. 188
Madagascar 103 90 170 149
Malawi 135 132 230 227
Mali 136 120 .. 223
Mauritania 105 88 .. 142
Mauritius 20 19 25 23
Mayotte .. .. .. ..
Mozambique 150 131 .. 203
Namibia 64 63 84 108
Niger 150 116 335 252
Nigeria 86 83 136 151
Rwanda 132 123 .. 203
So Tom and Principe 61 47 90 66
Senegal 74 67 .. 124
Seychelles 17 9 21 15
Sierra Leone 189 168 323 283
Somalia 152 121 215 203
South Africa 55 62 73 76
Sudan 85 67 125 109
Swaziland 79 64 115 113
Tanzania 115 95 .. 152
Togo 81 77 142 143
Uganda 104 88 165 162
Zambia 107 114 .. 187
Zimbabwe 52 70 .. 118