Gender Equality Indicators

World
East Asia and Pacific
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa


World
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
High income 96 99 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
East Asia & Pacific 85 93 95 98
Europe & Central Asia 90 94 98 99
Latin America & Caribbean 98 95 100 101
Middle East & North Africa 76 84 77 87
South Asia 64 74 70 77
Sub-Saharan Africa 83 85 81 89
Afghanistan 50 .. 40 57
Albania .. .. 96 98
Algeria 80 .. 79 91
American Samoa .. .. .. ..
Andorra .. .. .. ..
Angola .. .. .. ..
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. .. 100 101
Armenia .. .. 100 100
Aruba .. .. .. ..
Australia 96 97 .. ..
Austria 90 91 .. ..
Azerbaijan 94 95 .. ..
Bahamas, The .. .. 102 102
Bahrain 98 98 99 100
Bangladesh 72 .. 59 65
Barbados .. .. .. ..
Belarus .. 97 100 100
Belgium 96 .. .. ..
Belize .. .. 101 101
Benin .. .. 41 48
Bermuda .. .. .. ..
Bhutan .. .. .. ..
Bolivia 89 .. 93 96
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. ..
Botswana 107 102 110 110
Brazil .. .. 104 104
Brunei 94 .. 101 101
Bulgaria 95 93 100 100
Burkina Faso 61 .. 39 50
Burundi 82 .. 77 93
Cambodia .. 77 40 55
Cameroon .. .. 95 99
Canada 94 .. .. ..
Cape Verde .. .. 88 93
Cayman Islands .. .. .. ..
Central African Republic 62 .. 60 76
Chad .. 48 65 80
Channel Islands .. .. .. ..
Chile 98 .. 101 101
China 82 94 94 97
Hong Kong, China .. .. 101 101
Macao, China 97 .. .. ..
Colombia 104 .. 101 101
Comoros .. .. 81 84
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. 71 83
Congo, Rep. 86 .. 95 98
Costa Rica 96 97 101 101
Cte d'Ivoire .. .. 68 84
Croatia 98 96 100 100
Cuba 102 98 100 100
Cyprus 95 .. 100 100
Czech Republic 98 98 .. ..
Denmark 97 .. .. ..
Djibouti 70 .. 78 89
Dominica .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic .. 102 102 102
Ecuador .. 98 99 99
Egypt, Arab Rep. 80 .. 72 81
El Salvador 100 .. 97 98
Equatorial Guinea .. .. 92 97
Eritrea 99 .. 63 76
Estonia 99 97 .. ..
Ethiopia 70 57 76 96
Faeroe Islands .. .. .. ..
Fiji 93 .. 99 100
Finland 106 101 .. ..
France 98 95 .. ..
French Polynesia .. .. .. ..
Gabon .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 65 .. 67 74
Georgia 93 .. .. ..
Germany 82 93 .. ..
Ghana .. .. 85 94
Greece 93 95 100 100
Greenland .. .. .. ..
Grenada 93 .. .. ..
Guam .. .. .. ..
Guatemala .. .. 82 85
Guinea .. 51 .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. 31 40
Guyana 101 .. 100 100
Haiti .. .. 96 100
Honduras 104 .. 103 104
Hungary 95 96 100 100
Iceland .. 97 .. ..
India .. 71 74 81
Indonesia 91 .. 97 99
Iran, Islamic Rep. 80 .. 89 95
Iraq .. .. 74 85
Ireland 99 98 .. ..
Isle of Man .. .. .. ..
Israel 99 .. 99 100
Italy 95 95 100 100
Jamaica .. .. 109 107
Japan 96 96 .. ..
Jordan 94 .. 98 100
Kazakhstan .. 102 .. ..
Kenya .. .. 93 98
Kiribati 98 101 .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Rep. 93 92 100 100
Kuwait 95 .. 99 102
Kyrgyz Republic 100 .. .. ..
Lao PDR 74 77 52 69
Latvia 98 98 100 100
Lebanon .. 99 93 95
Lesotho 124 113 126 120
Liberia .. .. 53 64
Libya .. .. 84 93
Liechtenstein .. .. .. ..
Lithuania 95 96 100 100
Luxembourg 100 .. .. ..
Macedonia, FYR .. .. .. ..
Madagascar .. .. 86 91
Malawi .. .. 68 74
Malaysia 98 .. 99 100
Maldives .. .. 100 101
Mali 56 .. 68 82
Malta 90 93 103 103
Marshall Islands .. .. .. ..
Mauritania 68 .. 63 67
Mauritius 98 99 100 101
Mayotte .. .. .. ..
Mexico 95 96 98 99
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. ..
Moldova 103 .. 100 100
Monaco 98 92 .. ..
Mongolia 95 115 78 87
Morocco 67 74 62 75
Mozambique 73 .. 48 60
Myanmar 95 .. 96 99
Namibia 111 103 104 104
Nepal 53 .. 41 54
Netherlands 93 .. .. ..
Netherlands Antilles .. .. 101 100
New Caledonia 100 .. .. ..
New Zealand 96 98 .. ..
Nicaragua .. 104 106 108
Niger 54 61 37 42
Nigeria 76 .. 81 93
Northern Mariana Islands .. .. .. ..
Norway 96 96 .. ..
Oman 87 93 79 96
Pakistan 47 .. 51 64
Palau .. .. .. ..
Panama 96 .. 99 99
Papua New Guinea 77 .. 83 88
Paraguay 95 .. 99 100
Peru 93 94 95 97
Philippines .. .. 100 100
Poland 96 94 100 100
Portugal 99 .. 100 100
Puerto Rico .. .. 102 101
Qatar 94 .. 105 105
Romania 96 96 100 100
Russian Federation .. .. 100 100
Rwanda 97 .. 86 95
Samoa 100 .. 100 101
San Marino .. .. .. ..
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. ..
Saudi Arabia 82 87 86 94
Senegal 68 76 60 69
Seychelles 96 .. .. ..
Sierra Leone .. .. .. ..
Singapore 89 .. 100 100
Slovak Republic .. .. .. ..
Slovenia .. 98 100 100
Solomon Islands 77 .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. ..
South Africa 103 .. 100 100
Spain 99 98 100 100
Sri Lanka 99 .. 98 99
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia 105 .. .. ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. ..
Sudan 76 .. 71 85
Suriname 103 .. .. ..
Swaziland .. 96 101 102
Sweden 97 109 .. ..
Switzerland 93 .. .. ..
Syrian Arab Republic 83 88 73 82
Tajikistan .. .. 100 100
Tanzania 97 .. 87 94
Thailand 94 .. 99 99
Togo 59 .. 56 66
Tonga 92 .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 98 .. 99 99
Tunisia 83 .. 81 91
Turkey 78 80 91 95
Turkmenistan .. .. .. ..
Uganda .. .. 76 84
Ukraine .. .. 100 100
United Arab Emirates 96 96 110 111
United Kingdom 98 103 .. ..
United States .. .. .. ..
Uruguay .. .. 101 101
Uzbekistan .. .. 95 97
Vanuatu 86 .. .. ..
Venezuela, RB 101 .. 101 101
Vietnam .. .. 99 100
Virgin Islands (U.S.) .. .. .. ..
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. .. .. 34 53
Yugoslavia, FR 100 94 .. ..
Zambia .. .. 88 94
Zimbabwe 96 .. 95 97
East Asia & Pacific
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
East Asia & Pacific 85 93 95 98
American Samoa .. .. .. ..
Cambodia .. 77 40 55
China 82 94 94 97
Fiji 93 .. 99 100
Indonesia 91 .. 97 99
Kiribati 98 101 .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Rep. 93 92 100 100
Lao PDR 74 77 52 69
Malaysia 98 .. 99 100
Marshall Islands .. .. .. ..
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. ..
Mongolia 95 115 78 87
Myanmar 95 .. 96 99
Palau .. .. .. ..
Papua New Guinea 77 .. 83 88
Philippines .. .. 100 100
Samoa 100 .. 100 101
Solomon Islands 77 .. .. ..
Thailand 94 .. 99 99
Tonga 92 .. .. ..
Vanuatu 86 .. .. ..
Vietnam .. .. 99 100
Europe & Central Asia
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
Europe & Central Asia 90 94 98 99
Albania .. .. 96 98
Armenia .. .. 100 100
Azerbaijan 94 95 .. ..
Belarus .. 97 100 100
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. ..
Bulgaria 95 93 100 100
Croatia 98 96 100 100
Czech Republic 98 98 .. ..
Estonia 99 97 .. ..
Georgia 93 .. .. ..
Hungary 95 96 100 100
Isle of Man .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan .. 102 .. ..
Kyrgyz Republic 100 .. .. ..
Latvia 98 98 100 100
Lithuania 95 96 100 100
Macedonia, FYR .. .. .. ..
Moldova 103 .. 100 100
Poland 96 94 100 100
Romania 96 96 100 100
Russian Federation .. .. 100 100
Slovak Republic .. .. .. ..
Tajikistan .. .. 100 100
Turkey 78 80 91 95
Turkmenistan .. .. .. ..
Ukraine .. .. 100 100
Uzbekistan .. .. 95 97
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) 100 94 .. ..
Latin America & Caribbean
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
Latin America & Caribbean 98 95 100 101
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. .. 100 101
Barbados .. .. .. ..
Belize .. .. 101 101
Bolivia 89 .. 93 96
Brazil .. .. 104 104
Chile 98 .. 101 101
Colombia 104 .. 101 101
Costa Rica 96 97 101 101
Cuba 102 98 100 100
Dominica .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic .. 102 102 102
Ecuador .. 98 99 99
El Salvador 100 .. 97 98
Grenada 93 .. .. ..
Guatemala .. .. 82 85
Guyana 101 .. 100 100
Haiti .. .. 96 100
Honduras 104 .. 103 104
Jamaica .. .. 109 107
Mexico 95 96 98 99
Nicaragua .. 104 106 108
Panama 96 .. 99 99
Paraguay 95 .. 99 100
Peru 93 94 95 97
Puerto Rico .. .. 102 101
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia 105 .. .. ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. ..
Suriname 103 .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 98 .. 99 99
Uruguay .. .. 101 101
Venezuela, RB 101 .. 101 101
Middle East & North Africa
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
Middle East & North Africa 76 84 77 87
Algeria 80 .. 79 91
Bahrain 98 98 99 100
Djibouti 70 .. 78 89
Egypt, Arab Rep. 80 .. 72 81
Iran, Islamic Rep. 80 .. 89 95
Iraq .. .. 74 85
Jordan 94 .. 98 100
Lebanon .. 99 93 95
Libya .. .. 84 93
Malta 90 93 103 103
Morocco 67 74 62 75
Oman 87 93 79 96
Saudi Arabia 82 87 86 94
Syrian Arab Republic 83 88 73 82
Tunisia 83 .. 81 91
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. .. .. 34 53
South Asia
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
South Asia 64 74 70 77
Afghanistan 50 .. 40 57
Bangladesh 72 .. 59 65
Bhutan .. .. .. ..
India .. 71 74 81
Maldives .. .. 100 101
Nepal 53 .. 41 54
Pakistan 47 .. 51 64
Sri Lanka 99 .. 98 99
Sub-Saharan Africa
Gender Equality


Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education

Ratio of young literate
females to males

% 15-24 year olds
1990 1999 1990 1999
World 83 89 .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. 89 91
Sub-Saharan Africa 83 85 81 89
Angola .. .. .. ..
Benin .. .. 41 48
Botswana 107 102 110 110
Burkina Faso 61 .. 39 50
Burundi 82 .. 77 93
Cameroon .. .. 95 99
Cape Verde .. .. 88 93
Central African Republic 62 .. 60 76
Chad .. 48 65 80
Comoros .. .. 81 84
Congo, Dem. Rep. .. .. 71 83
Congo, Rep. 86 .. 95 98
Cte d'Ivoire .. .. 68 84
Equatorial Guinea .. .. 92 97
Eritrea 99 .. 63 76
Ethiopia 70 57 76 96
Gabon .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 65 .. 67 74
Ghana .. .. 85 94
Guinea .. 51 .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. 31 40
Kenya .. .. 93 98
Lesotho 124 113 126 120
Liberia .. .. 53 64
Madagascar .. .. 86 91
Malawi .. .. 68 74
Mali 56 .. 68 82
Mauritania 68 .. 63 67
Mauritius 98 99 100 101
Mayotte .. .. .. ..
Mozambique 73 .. 48 60
Namibia 111 103 104 104
Niger 54 61 37 42
Nigeria 76 .. 81 93
Rwanda 97 .. 86 95
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. ..
Senegal 68 76 60 69
Seychelles 96 .. .. ..
Sierra Leone .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. ..
South Africa 103 .. 100 100
Sudan 76 .. 71 85
Swaziland .. 96 101 102
Tanzania 97 .. 87 94
Togo 59 .. 56 66
Uganda .. .. 76 84
Zambia .. .. 88 94
Zimbabwe 96 .. 95 97