Education Indicators

World
East Asia and Pacific
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa


World
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
High income 98 95
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
East Asia & Pacific 98 100 88 93 94 97
Europe & Central Asia .. .. .. .. 98 99
Latin America & Caribbean 89 .. 75 .. 92 94
Middle East & North Africa .. 87 .. .. 73 82
South Asia .. .. .. .. 61 68
Sub-Saharan Africa .. .. .. .. 68 77
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. 42 54
Albania .. 102 .. .. 95 98
Algeria 93 94 94 94 78 88
American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. ..
Andorra .. .. .. .. .. ..
Angola .. .. .. .. .. ..
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. 104 .. 70 98 99
Armenia .. .. .. .. 100 100
Aruba .. .. .. .. .. ..
Australia 99 95 .. .. .. ..
Austria .. 88 .. .. .. ..
Azerbaijan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bahamas, The 96 .. .. .. 97 97
Bahrain 99 98 89 95 96 98
Bangladesh 64 .. .. .. 44 50
Barbados 78 .. .. .. .. ..
Belarus .. .. .. .. 100 100
Belgium 97 98 .. .. .. ..
Belize 94 .. 67 .. 96 98
Benin 49 63 55 .. 44 57
Bermuda .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bhutan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bolivia 91 .. .. .. 93 96
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. ..
Botswana 93 81 97 90 83 88
Brazil 86 .. 72 .. 90 92
Brunei 91 .. 95 .. 98 99
Bulgaria 86 92 91 .. 99 100
Burkina Faso 27 .. 70 .. 25 34
Burundi .. .. 62 .. 52 62
Cambodia .. 100 .. 49 46 58
Cameroon .. .. .. .. 87 93
Canada 97 95 .. .. .. ..
Cape Verde .. .. .. .. 82 88
Cayman Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Central African Republic 53 .. 24 .. 52 66
Chad .. 46 53 59 48 65
Channel Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Chile 88 89 .. 100 98 99
China 97 102 86 94 95 98
Hong Kong, China .. 90 100 .. 99 99
Macao, China 81 .. 97 .. .. ..
Colombia 69 85 62 73 95 97
Comoros .. .. 46 .. 62 67
Congo, Dem. Rep. 54 .. 55 .. 69 81
Congo, Rep. .. .. 62 .. 93 97
Costa Rica 86 89 82 90 98 98
Cte d'Ivoire 47 55 73 75 50 64
Croatia 79 .. .. .. 100 100
Cuba 92 101 92 .. 99 100
Cyprus 101 .. 100 100 100 100
Czech Republic .. 87 .. .. .. ..
Denmark 98 99 94 .. .. ..
Djibouti 32 32 87 79 73 83
Dominica .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic .. .. .. .. 87 91
Ecuador .. 97 .. 85 95 97
Egypt, Arab Rep. .. 93 .. .. 61 69
El Salvador .. 78 58 77 84 88
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. 93 97
Eritrea .. 30 .. 70 59 70
Estonia .. 87 80 .. .. ..
Ethiopia .. 32 .. 51 42 53
Faeroe Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Fiji 101 .. .. .. 98 99
Finland .. 98 100 100 .. ..
France 101 100 96 .. .. ..
French Polynesia .. 103 .. .. .. ..
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 51 65 87 .. 42 56
Georgia .. 87 .. .. .. ..
Germany 79 86 .. .. .. ..
Ghana .. .. 80 .. 82 90
Greece 94 90 99 .. 100 100
Greenland .. .. .. .. .. ..
Grenada .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guam .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guatemala .. 73 .. 50 74 79
Guinea .. 42 59 .. .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. .. 45 56
Guyana 93 87 87 91 100 100
Haiti 22 .. .. .. 55 64
Honduras 89 .. .. .. 78 83
Hungary 91 97 98 .. 100 100
Iceland .. 98 .. .. .. ..
India .. .. .. .. 64 72
Indonesia 98 95 84 88 95 98
Iran, Islamic Rep. 99 90 90 .. 87 94
Iraq 97 76 .. .. 62 72
Ireland 91 92 100 .. .. ..
Isle of Man .. .. .. .. .. ..
Israel .. .. .. .. 99 100
Italy .. 100 100 99 100 100
Jamaica 96 .. .. .. 91 94
Japan 100 .. 100 .. .. ..
Jordan 66 68 100 .. 97 99
Kazakhstan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Kenya .. .. .. .. 90 95
Kiribati .. .. 98 95 .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Rep. 104 93 99 98 100 100
Kuwait 45 62 .. .. 88 92
Kyrgyz Republic .. 95 .. .. .. ..
Lao PDR 61 72 53 55 55 69
Latvia .. 90 .. .. 100 100
Lebanon .. 76 .. .. 92 95
Lesotho 73 70 71 63 87 90
Liberia .. .. .. .. 58 69
Libya .. .. .. .. 91 96
Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. ..
Lithuania .. .. .. .. 100 100
Luxembourg .. .. .. .. .. ..
Macedonia, FYR 94 95 .. 95 .. ..
Madagascar .. 61 22 .. 72 79
Malawi 50 .. 64 .. 63 70
Malaysia .. .. 98 .. 95 97
Maldives .. .. .. .. 98 99
Mali 21 31 72 84 45 65
Malta 99 100 100 100 98 99
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mauritania .. 57 75 64 46 51
Mauritius 95 98 98 99 91 94
Mayotte .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mexico 100 101 80 86 95 97
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Moldova .. .. .. .. 100 100
Monaco .. .. 83 .. .. ..
Mongolia .. 81 .. .. 70 79
Morocco 58 74 75 75 55 67
Mozambique 47 40 33 .. 49 60
Myanmar .. .. .. .. 88 91
Namibia .. 91 63 86 87 91
Nepal .. .. 52 .. 46 59
Netherlands 95 100 .. .. .. ..
Netherlands Antilles .. .. .. .. 98 98
New Caledonia 97 .. .. .. .. ..
New Zealand 101 100 90 97 .. ..
Nicaragua 72 77 46 51 70 73
Niger 25 25 62 73 17 22
Nigeria .. .. .. .. 74 86
Northern Mariana Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Norway 100 100 100 .. .. ..
Oman 70 69 96 96 86 97
Pakistan .. .. .. .. 49 63
Palau .. .. .. .. .. ..
Panama 91 .. .. .. 95 97
Papua New Guinea .. .. 59 .. 69 75
Paraguay 93 91 70 78 96 97
Peru .. 91 .. .. 95 97
Philippines 98 101 .. .. 97 99
Poland 97 95 98 .. 100 100
Portugal 102 .. .. .. 100 100
Puerto Rico .. .. .. .. 96 97
Qatar 87 .. 64 .. 90 94
Romania .. 95 .. .. 99 100
Russian Federation .. .. .. .. 100 100
Rwanda 66 .. 60 .. 73 83
Samoa .. 96 .. 85 83 87
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. ..
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. .. .. ..
Saudi Arabia 59 61 83 89 86 93
Senegal 48 60 85 87 40 50
Seychelles .. .. 93 100 .. ..
Sierra Leone .. .. .. .. .. ..
Singapore .. 93 .. .. 99 100
Slovak Republic .. .. .. .. .. ..
Slovenia .. 95 .. .. 100 100
Solomon Islands .. .. 85 .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Africa 103 .. 75 .. 89 91
Spain 103 105 100 .. 100 100
Sri Lanka .. .. 94 83 95 97
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia .. .. 95 .. .. ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. .. ..
Sudan .. .. 94 74 65 76
Suriname .. .. .. .. .. ..
Swaziland 88 91 76 76 85 90
Sweden 100 102 100 97 .. ..
Switzerland 84 90 76 .. .. ..
Syrian Arab Republic 98 91 94 94 80 87
Tajikistan .. .. .. .. 100 100
Tanzania 51 48 79 81 84 91
Thailand .. .. .. .. 98 99
Togo 75 81 50 .. 63 72
Tonga .. .. 84 .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 91 88 96 97 96 97
Tunisia 94 98 87 91 84 93
Turkey 89 99 98 .. 93 96
Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Uganda .. .. .. .. 70 78
Ukraine .. .. 59 .. 100 100
United Arab Emirates 94 78 80 83 84 90
United Kingdom 97 99 .. .. .. ..
United States 96 95 .. .. .. ..
Uruguay 91 93 94 98 99 99
Uzbekistan .. .. .. .. 94 96
Vanuatu .. .. 90 .. .. ..
Venezuela, RB 88 84 86 89 96 98
Vietnam .. .. .. .. 95 97
Virgin Islands (U.S.) .. .. .. .. .. ..
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. .. .. .. .. 50 64
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) 69 .. .. .. .. ..
Zambia .. 75 .. .. 81 88
Zimbabwe .. .. 94 79 94 97
East Asia & Pacific
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
East Asia & Pacific 98 100 88 93 94 97
American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. ..
Cambodia .. 100 .. 49 46 58
China 97 102 86 94 95 98
Fiji 101 .. .. .. 98 99
Indonesia 98 95 84 88 95 98
Kiribati .. .. 98 95 .. ..
Korea, Dem. Rep. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Korea, Rep. 104 93 99 98 100 100
Lao PDR 61 72 53 55 55 69
Malaysia .. .. 98 .. 95 97
Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. ..
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mongolia .. 81 .. .. 70 79
Myanmar .. .. .. .. 88 91
Palau .. .. .. .. .. ..
Papua New Guinea .. .. 59 .. 69 75
Philippines 98 101 .. .. 97 99
Samoa .. 96 .. 85 83 87
Solomon Islands .. .. 85 .. .. ..
Thailand .. .. .. .. 98 99
Tonga .. .. 84 .. .. ..
Vanuatu .. .. 90 .. .. ..
Vietnam .. .. .. .. 95 97
Europe & Central Asia
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
Europe & Central Asia .. .. .. .. 98 99
Albania .. 102 .. .. 95 98
Armenia .. .. .. .. 100 100
Azerbaijan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Belarus .. .. .. .. 100 100
Bosnia and Herzegovina .. .. .. .. .. ..
Bulgaria 86 92 91 .. 99 100
Croatia 79 .. .. .. 100 100
Czech Republic .. 87 .. .. .. ..
Estonia .. 87 80 .. .. ..
Georgia .. 87 .. .. .. ..
Hungary 91 97 98 .. 100 100
Isle of Man .. .. .. .. .. ..
Kazakhstan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Kyrgyz Republic .. 95 .. .. .. ..
Latvia .. 90 .. .. 100 100
Lithuania .. .. .. .. 100 100
Macedonia, FYR 94 95 .. 95 .. ..
Moldova .. .. .. .. 100 100
Poland 97 95 98 .. 100 100
Romania .. 95 .. .. 99 100
Russian Federation .. .. .. .. 100 100
Slovak Republic .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tajikistan .. .. .. .. 100 100
Turkey 89 99 98 .. 93 96
Turkmenistan .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ukraine .. .. 59 .. 100 100
Uzbekistan .. .. .. .. 94 96
Yugoslavia, FR (Serb./Mon) 69 .. .. .. .. ..
Latin America & Caribbean
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
Latin America & Caribbean 89 .. 75 .. 92 94
Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. ..
Argentina .. 104 .. 70 98 99
Barbados 78 .. .. .. .. ..
Belize 94 .. 67 .. 96 98
Bolivia 91 .. .. .. 93 96
Brazil 86 .. 72 .. 90 92
Chile 88 89 .. 100 98 99
Colombia 69 85 62 73 95 97
Costa Rica 86 89 82 90 98 98
Cuba 92 101 92 .. 99 100
Dominica .. .. .. .. .. ..
Dominican Republic .. .. .. .. 87 91
Ecuador .. 97 .. 85 95 97
El Salvador .. 78 58 77 84 88
Grenada .. .. .. .. .. ..
Guatemala .. 73 .. 50 74 79
Guyana 93 87 87 91 100 100
Haiti 22 .. .. .. 55 64
Honduras 89 .. .. .. 78 83
Jamaica 96 .. .. .. 91 94
Mexico 100 101 80 86 95 97
Nicaragua 72 77 46 51 70 73
Panama 91 .. .. .. 95 97
Paraguay 93 91 70 78 96 97
Peru .. 91 .. .. 95 97
Puerto Rico .. .. .. .. 96 97
St. Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Lucia .. .. 95 .. .. ..
St. Vincent and the Grenadines .. .. .. .. .. ..
Suriname .. .. .. .. .. ..
Trinidad and Tobago 91 88 96 97 96 97
Uruguay 91 93 94 98 99 99
Venezuela, RB 88 84 86 89 96 98
Middle East & North Africa
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
Middle East & North Africa .. 87 .. .. 73 82
Algeria 93 94 94 94 78 88
Bahrain 99 98 89 95 96 98
Djibouti 32 32 87 79 73 83
Egypt, Arab Rep. .. 93 .. .. 61 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 99 90 90 .. 87 94
Iraq 97 76 .. .. 62 72
Jordan 66 68 100 .. 97 99
Lebanon .. 76 .. .. 92 95
Libya .. .. .. .. 91 96
Malta 99 100 100 100 98 99
Morocco 58 74 75 75 55 67
Oman 70 69 96 96 86 97
Saudi Arabia 59 61 83 89 86 93
Syrian Arab Republic 98 91 94 94 80 87
Tunisia 94 98 87 91 84 93
West Bank and Gaza .. .. .. .. .. ..
Yemen, Rep. .. .. .. .. 50 64
South Asia
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
South Asia .. .. .. .. 61 68
Afghanistan .. .. .. .. 42 54
Bangladesh 64 .. .. .. 44 50
Bhutan .. .. .. .. .. ..
India .. .. .. .. 64 72
Maldives .. .. .. .. 98 99
Nepal .. .. 52 .. 46 59
Pakistan .. .. .. .. 49 63
Sri Lanka .. .. 94 83 95 97
Sub-Saharan Africa
Universal primary education


Net primary
enrollment ratio

Percentage of cohort reaching grade 5

Youth literacy rate

% or relevant age group % ages 15-24
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1999
World .. .. .. .. .. ..
Low & middle income .. .. .. .. 82 85
Sub-Saharan Africa .. .. .. .. 68 77
Angola .. .. .. .. .. ..
Benin 49 63 55 .. 44 57
Botswana 93 81 97 90 83 88
Burkina Faso 27 .. 70 .. 25 34
Burundi .. .. 62 .. 52 62
Cameroon .. .. .. .. 87 93
Cape Verde .. .. .. .. 82 88
Central African Republic 53 .. 24 .. 52 66
Chad .. 46 53 59 48 65
Comoros .. .. 46 .. 62 67
Congo, Dem. Rep. 54 .. 55 .. 69 81
Congo, Rep. .. .. 62 .. 93 97
Cte d'Ivoire 47 55 73 75 50 64
Equatorial Guinea .. .. .. .. 93 97
Eritrea .. 30 .. 70 59 70
Ethiopia .. 32 .. 51 42 53
Gabon .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gambia, The 51 65 87 .. 42 56
Ghana .. .. 80 .. 82 90
Guinea .. 42 59 .. .. ..
Guinea-Bissau .. .. .. .. 45 56
Kenya .. .. .. .. 90 95
Lesotho 73 70 71 63 87 90
Liberia .. .. .. .. 58 69
Madagascar .. 61 22 .. 72 79
Malawi 50 .. 64 .. 63 70
Mali 21 31 72 84 45 65
Mauritania .. 57 75 64 46 51
Mauritius 95 98 98 99 91 94
Mayotte .. .. .. .. .. ..
Mozambique 47 40 33 .. 49 60
Namibia .. 91 63 86 87 91
Niger 25 25 62 73 17 22
Nigeria .. .. .. .. 74 86
Rwanda 66 .. 60 .. 73 83
So Tom and Principe .. .. .. .. .. ..
Senegal 48 60 85 87 40 50
Seychelles .. .. 93 100 .. ..
Sierra Leone .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. ..
South Africa 103 .. 75 .. 89 91
Sudan .. .. 94 74 65 76
Swaziland 88 91 76 76 85 90
Tanzania 51 48 79 81 84 91
Togo 75 81 50 .. 63 72
Uganda .. .. .. .. 70 78
Zambia .. 75 .. .. 81 88
Zimbabwe .. .. 94 79 94 97