Infant mortality rates

Infant deaths are most often the result of unhealthy conditions around the time of birth. Pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, or measles frequently kill young children, especially those suffering from chronic malnutrition.

We know what needs to be done to reduce infant and child deaths. Malnutrition, unsafe water, war and civil conflict, and the spread of HIV/AIDS all contribute to the annual toll. And immunization, disease prevention, and campaigns to teach treatment of diarrhea can all help to reduce deaths.

Under-five mortality rates

There are large and persistent differences in mortality rates between regions and progress has been too slow to achieve a two-thirds reduction by 2015. Mortality rates in Africa, which had been falling, are now higher on average than in 1990.

Poverty, disease, and lack of social services kill children.
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